We study the effect of self-interaction errors on the barrier heights of chemical reactions. For this purpose, we use the well-known Perdew-Zunger self-interaction-correction (PZSIC) [J. P. Perdew and A. Zunger, Phys. Rev. B 23, 5048 (1981)] as well as two variations of the recently developed, locally scaled self-interaction correction (LSIC) [Zope et al., J. Chem. Phys. 151, 214108 (2019)] to study the barrier heights of the BH76 benchmark dataset. Our results show that both PZSIC and especially the LSIC methods improve the barrier heights relative to the local density approximation (LDA). The version of LSIC that uses the iso-orbital indicator z as a scaling factor gives a more consistent improvement than an alternative version that uses an orbital-dependent factor w based on the ratio of orbital densities to the total electron density. We show that LDA energies evaluated using the self-consistent and self-interaction-free PZSIC densities can be used to assess density-driven errors. The LDA reaction barrier errors for the BH76 set are found to contain significant density-driven errors for all types of reactions contained in the set, but the corrections due to adding SIC to the functional are much larger than those stemming from the density for the hydrogen transfer reactions and of roughly equal size for the non-hydrogen transfer reactions.
|Journal||Journal of Chemical Physics|
|State||Published - 2022|