Study of Self-Interaction Errors in Density Functional Calculations of Magnetic Exchange Coupling Constants Using Three Self-Interaction Correction Methods

Prakash Mishra, Yoh Yamamoto, Po Hao Chang, Duyen B. Nguyen, Juan E. Peralta, Tunna Baruah, Rajendra R. Zope

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We examine the role of self-interaction error (SIE) removal on the evaluation of magnetic exchange coupling constants. In particular, we analyze the effect of scaling down the self-interaction correction (SIC) for three nonempirical density functional approximations (DFAs) namely, the local spin density approximation, the Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof generalized gradient approximation, and the recent SCAN family of meta-GGA functionals. To this end, we employ three one-electron SIC methods: Perdew-Zunger SIC [ Perdew, J. P.; Zunger, A. Phys. Rev. B, 1981, 23, 5048.], the orbitalwise scaled SIC method [ Vydrov, O. A. et al. J. Chem. Phys. 2006, 124, 094108. ], and the recent local scaling method [ Zope, R. R. et al. J. Chem. Phys. 2019, 151, 214108. ]. We compute the magnetic exchange coupling constants using the spin projection and nonprojection approaches for sets of molecules composed of dinuclear and polynuclear H···He models, organic radical molecules, and chlorocuprate and compare these results against accurate theories and experiment. Our results show that for the systems that mainly consist of single-electron regions, PZSIC performs well, but for more complex organic systems and the chlorocuprates, an overcorrecting tendency of PZSIC combined with the DFAs utilized in this work is more pronounced, and in such cases, LSIC with kinetic energy density ratio performs better than PZSIC. Analysis of the results in terms of SIC corrections to the density and to the total energy shows that both density and energy correction are required to obtain an improved prediction of magnetic exchange couplings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1923-1935
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume126
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 31 2022

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