Subjective Organization Calculator for Free Recall

Olesya Senkova, Hajime Otani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The free recall measure has an advantage over other memory measures because the free recall measure can provide organization measures, which can reveal the strategies participants used to maximize recall. For instance, even when a study list does not show a clear organizational scheme, recall outputs are often far from random, evidenced by participants recalling the same two or more items together repeatedly across multiple test trials. Unfortunately, computing organizational measures is laborious. The present article introduces a calculator to compute subjective organization (SO) measures. The calculator is based on a popular platform accessible to most researchers and is designed to compute commonly used SO measures for each participant.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSAGE Open
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 14 2015


  • Free recall
  • Subjective organization


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