Evans syndrome is defined by bilineal autoimmune cytopenia, typically coombs positive hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia. Corticosteroids are the mainstay of treatment, with rituximab and/or mycophenolate mofetil often used in steroid-refractory cases. However, no treatment methodology has ever evaluated by a randomized clinical trial. We present a 15-year-old boy with Evans syndrome and common variable immunodeficiency who experienced a severe, refractory flare 16 months postsplenectomy. After failing to respond to multiple other agents, he achieved a durable response to a bortezomib-based regimen. Bortezomib may be a reasonable second or third line option, especially before high-morbidity therapies such as splenectomy or stem cell transplantation.
- Evans syndrome
- autoimmune cytopenia