Superior vena cava and innominate vein dimensions in growing children: An aid for interventional devices and transvenous leads

Sanjeev Sanjeev, Peter P. Karpawich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transvenous (TV) pacing and defibrillation leads are frequently implanted in children as part of treatment for various congenital and acquired rhythm abnormalities. However, the lead-vascular endothelial interaction is not a benign process and is associated with a risk of progressive venous obstruction. Often, this obstruction requires surgical or interventional relief. The risk of obstruction is related to venous diameters at implant and lead size. Since venous diameters are largely unknown at different ages, the purpose of this study was to correlate innominate vein (INN) and superior vena cava (SVC) diameters with body dimensions in growing children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)414-419
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Cardiology
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2006

Keywords

  • Innominate vein
  • Pacing leads
  • Stents
  • Superior vena cava
  • Vascular dimensions

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