Supervised Machine Learning Tools and PUF Based Internet of Vehicles Authentication Framework

Pintu Kumar Sadhu, Jesse Eickholt, Venkata P. Yanambaka, Ahmed Abdelgawad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The recent advancement of the Internet of Things (IoT) in the fields of smart vehicles and integration empowers all cars to join to the internet and transfer sensitive traffic information. To enhance the security for the Internet of Vehicles (IoV) and maintain privacy, this paper proposes an ultralight authentication scheme. Physical unclonable function (PUF), supervised machine learning (SML), and XOR functions are used to authenticate both server and device in a two message flow. The proposed framework can authenticate devices with a low computation time (3 ms) compared to other proposed frameworks while protecting against existing potential threats. Furthermore, the proposed framework needs low overhead (21 bytes) that avoids adding to the IoV network’s workload. Moreover, SML makes weak PUF responses as random numbers to provide the functionality of a strong PUF for the framework. In addition, both formal (Burrows, Abadi, Needham (BAN) logic) and informal analysis are presented to show the resistance against known attacks.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3845
JournalElectronics (Switzerland)
Issue number23
StatePublished - Dec 2022


  • Internet of Things
  • authentication protocol
  • physical unclonable function
  • security
  • supervised machine learning


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