Suppression of pool fires using halocarbon streaming agents

Joseph Z. Su, Andrew K. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Handheld FM-200, FE-36, CF3I and Halotron I extinguishers with 2B:C, 5B:C and 10B:C ratings (or equivalent) were tested for extinguishing Class B heptane pool fires in small and large enclosures (45, 120 and 21000 m3). Test results showed that the Halotron I and CF3I extinguishers performed better than the FE-36 and FM-200 extinguishers. The concentrations of the halocarbons and acid gas by-products in the operator breathing zone and surroundings were measured during the tests. Measurements showed that the agent concentrations were below the levels that would pose life or health risk to the operator. The concentrations of acid gas by-products generated during suppression, however, were at dangerous levels in the small enclosures (45 and 120 m3). Heat flux towards the operator was also measured. Heat exposure presented a severe hazard to the operator during the pool fire suppression. Test results indicate some potentially hazardous conditions to an unprotected operator.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-32
Number of pages26
JournalFire Technology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • By-products
  • Exposure risk
  • Fire testing
  • Halon replacements/alternatives
  • Portable extinguisher
  • Streaming agents


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