Surgical and medical results of complete atrioventricular canal: A ten year review

Sandra K. Clapp, Burton L. Perry, Zia Q. Farooki, William L. Jackson, Peter P. Karpawich, Medhi Hakimi, Eduardo Arciniegas, Edward W. Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

The files of 121 patients who presented to Children's Hospital of Michigan over the last 10 years with complete atrioventricular (AV) canal were reviewed to evaluate long-term management and overall outcome. Of 121 patients, 70 underwent corrective surgery, 21 (30%) of whom died perioperatively. The surgical mortality rate was 13% when patients with hypoplastic left or right ventricle (n = 6), double-orifice mitral valve or extreme deficiency of mitral tissue (n = 5), and pulmonary vascular obstructive disease (n = 5) were excluded. Of the 49 patients who survived operation, 36 are in New York Heart Association class I, 1 patient requires a pacemaker and 3 died late. In 34 of the 51 patients (28%) who did not undergo operation, pulmonary vascular obstructive disease developed; it occurred within 12 months in 10 patients (8%). Eight other patients who did not undergo operation died before planned surgery (age 1 to 9 months). Although surgical prognosis in good candidates is acceptable, the overall prognosis for children with complete AV canal is guarded because of the risk of early death or early pulmonary vascular obstructive disease and frequently unfavorable anatomy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)454-458
Number of pages5
JournalThe American Journal of Cardiology
Volume59
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 1987
Externally publishedYes

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