Surgically relevant aortic arch mapping using computed tomography

Adrienne Finlay, Marjorie Johnson, Thomas L. Forbes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Recent advances in surgical repair of aortic arch pathologies have increasingly used endovascular stent-graft technology. The purpose of this study was to map the aortic arch diameters, branch orientations, and center line distances using a commercially available three-dimensional computed tomography-based software package and to propose a prototype design. Methods: TeraRecon 3D imaging software was used for morphological assessment of computed tomography scans from 45 patients (mean age: 68 years; 26 males, 19 females). In each patient, 13 measurements were made in relation to the center line, including diameters at several preset points, distances, and branch vessel orientations. Results: The mode of the proximal diameters (2 cm and 4 cm distal to coronary artery) was 32 mm and 34 mm. The mode of the distance between the innominate and left common carotid arteries was 5 mm and 6 mm, and the mode of the distance between the left common carotid artery and left subclavian artery was 8 mm. Most commonly, the left common carotid artery was anterior to the other arch branches by 3 to 5 mm. Conclusions: These anatomic measurements provide useful information for the advancement of minimally invasive and safer surgical repair of the aortic arch. Based on the most commonly observed measurements, a standardized off-the-shelf stent-graft is proposed that would be appropriate for the majority of patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-490
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Vascular Surgery
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2012
Externally publishedYes

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