Sweat chloride concentrations in children with Idiopathic Nephrotic Syndrome

Lokesh Guglani, Devin Moir, Amrish Jain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Idiopathic Nephrotic Syndrome (INS) has been believed to cause a false positive elevation of sweat chloride concentrations, as measured by the sweat test.

METHODS: Sweat tests were done for 11 children with acute onset INS at admission and again while they were in remission, with results being compared to normal historical controls.

RESULTS: The initial sweat chloride concentration for 10 patients was normal (mean16.7 ± 11.02 mmol/L) and 1 patient had inadequate collection. This latter patient and two others were excluded during follow-up because of diagnoses other than INS. Sweat test results for the eight INS patients during follow up remained unchanged when they were in remission (16.94 ± 7.88 mmol/L; P = 0.98; Wilcoxon Matched-Pairs Signed Rank Test). In comparing sweat chloride concentrations from INS patients to those from 20 historical control subjects, we found no significant differences (Mann-Whitney Test; initial vs. control P = 0.643; follow up vs. control P = 0.806).

CONCLUSIONS: INS does not cause a false positive sweat test. Further studies should be done to objectively assess the conditions that have been reported to affect sweat chloride concentrations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-52
Number of pages4
JournalPediatric Pulmonology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016


  • cystic fibrosis
  • diagnosis
  • false positive
  • nephrotic syndrome
  • pediatric
  • sweat test


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