Synthesis and antioxidant properties of dendritic polyphenols

Choon Young Lee, Ajit Sharma, Jae Eun Cheong, Julie L. Nelson

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Three dendritic polyphenols (generation 1) were synthesized: a syringaldehyde-based dendrimer (1), a vanillin-based dendrimer (2), and an iodinated vanillin-based dendrimer (3). They all showed strong antioxidant activity according to the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical assay. The syringaldehyde dendrimer was twice and 10 times stronger than quercetin and Trolox, respectively. The vanillin-based dendrimer and its more hydrophobic iodinated derivative were also more potent antioxidants than quercetin and Trolox. The DPPH order of potency was 1 > 2, 3 > quercetin > Trolox. All three dendrimers also protected human LDL from free radical attack in a dose-dependent manner. Their order of free radical scavenging was 1 > 3 > 2 > quercetin > Trolox. The increased hydrophobic nature of the iodinated derivative may have contributed to its better LDL protection than 2. Protection of linoleic acid oxidation was studied by the β-carotene-linoleate assay. Dendrimer 1 was clearly superior to the other antioxidants in protecting the fatty acid. In case of DNA protection against free radical damage, the order of activity was 1 > quercetin > 2 > 3, Trolox. Pro-oxidant effect on copper-induced DNA oxidation showed the following order: quercetin, Trolox > 1 > 2 > 3. Results of the study show that dendritic antioxidants, even at the generation 1 level, provide promising antioxidant properties for their potential use as drug candidates for diseases associated with oxidative stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6326-6330
Number of pages5
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Issue number22
StatePublished - 2009


  • Antioxidant
  • Dendrimer
  • Polyphenol


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