Synthesis and characterization of isomeric biphenyl-containing poly(aryl ether-bisketone)s. Part 1. - Polymers derived from 4,4′-(p-fluorobenzoyl)biphenyl and bisphenols

Atul Bhatnagar, Rajarathnam S. Mani, Barry R. Weeks, Dillip K. Mohanty

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

A series of amorphous and semicrystalline poly(aryl ether-bisketone)s have been synthesized from bisphenols and 4,4′-bis(p-fluorobenzoyl)biphenyl via nucleophilic aromatic substitution reactions. Model compound studies were carried out with a variety of substituted phenols, 4,4′-bis(p-fluorobenzoyl)biphenyl and 4,4′-bis(p-chlorobenzoyl)biphenyl. The bishalide monomers were synthesized by the reaction of biphenyl-4,4′-dicarboxylic acid with thionyl chloride followed by Friedel-Crafts acylation with the appropriate aryl halide. Potassium carbonate mediated reaction of these monomers in dimethylacetamide or diphenyl sulphone gave high-molecular-weight polymers in excellent yield. Polymers with semicrystalline morphologies were synthesized from soluble high-molecular-weight amorphous precursors with removable bulky substituents. Unlike the corresponding monoketone analogues, the amorphous poly(aryl ether-bisketone)s exhibited poor solubility in a wide variety of solvents, indicative of improved solvent resistance. The glass-transition and melting temperatures of the polymers are among the highest known for poly(ary) ether-ketone)s. In addition, the polymers exhibit excellent thermal stability and afford tough films by compression moulding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)977-988
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Volume1
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

Keywords

  • Amorphous material
  • Glass-transition temperature
  • Nucleophilic aromatic substitution

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