Systematic study of Δ (1232) resonance excitations using single isobaric charge-exchange reactions induced by medium-mass projectiles of Sn

J. L. Rodríguez-Sánchez, J. Benlliure, I. Vidaña, H. Lenske, J. Vargas, C. Scheidenberger, H. Alvarez-Pol, J. Atkinson, T. Aumann, Y. Ayyad, S. Beceiro-Novo, K. Boretzky, M. Caamaño, E. Casarejos, D. Cortina-Gil, P. Díaz Fernández, A. Estrade, H. Geissel, E. Haettner, A. Kelić-HeilYu A. Litvinov, C. Paradela, D. Pérez-Loureiro, S. Pietri, A. Prochazka, M. Takechi, Y. K. Tanaka, H. Weick, J. S. Winfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The fragment separator FRS has been used for the first time to measure the (n,p)- and (p,n)-type isobaric charge-exchange cross sections of stable Sn112,124 isotopes accelerated at 1A GeV with an uncertainty of 3% and to separate quasielastic and inelastic components in the missing-energy spectra of the ejectiles. The inelastic contribution can be associated to the excitation of isobar Δ(1232) resonances and to the pion emission in s wave, in both the target and projectile nuclei, while the quasielastic contribution is associated with the nuclear spin-isospin response of nucleon-hole excitations. The data lead to interesting results, where we observe a clear quenching of the quasielastic component, and their comparisons to theoretical calculations demonstrate that the baryonic resonances can be excited in the target and projectile nuclei. To go further in this investigation, we propose to study the excitation of baryonic resonances, taking advantage of the combination of high-resolving power magnetic spectrometers with the Wide Angle Shower Apparatus (WASA) calorimeter. These new measurements will allow us to determine the momenta of the ejectiles and pions emitted in coincidence after the single isobaric charge-exchange collisions, providing us unique opportunities to study the evolution of the baryonic resonance dynamics with the neutron-proton asymmetry through the use of exotic radioactive ion beams.

Original languageEnglish
Article number014618
JournalPhysical Review C
Volume106
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2022

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