The Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness: Examining changes in use, users, and management challenges

Robert G. Dvorak, Alan E. Watson, Neal Christensen, William T. Borrie, Ann Schwaller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine trends in use and user characteristics at the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness. Based on data from 1969, 1991, and 2007, the average age of visitors has increased significantly, education levels have increased, and visitors remain predominantly male. Visitors in 2007 report seeing twice as many groups since 1961 and 1991, but the number of encounters are not exceeding expectations. Findings emerged related to gender ratios and evaluating resource conditions. These findings may need further investigation and future management action to provide opportunities for meaningful wilderness experiences while protecting wilderness character.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-46
Number of pages46
JournalUSDA Forest Service - Research Paper RMRS-RP
Issue number91 RP
StatePublished - Mar 2012

Keywords

  • Encounters
  • Experiences
  • User trends
  • Wilderness users

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