The Eating and Appraisal Due to Emotions and Stress (EADES) Questionnaire: Development and Validation

Amy D. Ozier, Olivia W. Kendrick, Linda L. Knol, James D. Leeper, Mike Perko, Joy Burnham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To develop and validate the Eating and Appraisal Due to Emotions and Stress (EADES) Questionnaire that was created to measure how one uses food to cope with stress and emotions. Design: Data were collected from a cross-sectional study using the EADES Questionnaire. Subjects/Setting: Convenience sample (response rate 22%) from a southeastern public university, including staff and faculty (n=854) with ages ranging from 18 to 83 years and a mean body mass index of 27.3±6.4. Statistical Analysis Performed: Exploratory factor analysis was completed on 54 items that were originally meant to describe constructs from the Transactional Model of Stress and Coping. Reliability of scales was estimated using Cronbach's α. Total sum scores were given to each factor. Pearson correlation coefficients assessed linear associations between factors. Results: Three factors accounting for 43.5% of the variance were retained with a total Cronbach's α=.949. The factors did not represent the theoretical constructs from the Transactional Model of Stress and Coping as anticipated. A new model was created, including Emotion- and Stress-Related Eating, Appraisal of Resources and Ability to Cope, Appraisal of Outside Stressors and Influences with Cronbach's α being .949, .869, and .652, respectively. These factors were significantly correlated with one another. Conclusions: The EADES model provides a viable conceptual model to help explain variables that may contribute to overeating, whereas the EADES Questionnaire provides a measurement tool for evaluating these variables that have not traditionally been explored in weight management efforts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)619-628
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Dietetic Association
Volume107
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The Eating and Appraisal Due to Emotions and Stress (EADES) Questionnaire: Development and Validation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this