The effects of an online DBR training module on rater accuracy.

Abbie C. Taipalus, Michael D. Hixson, Dawn M. Decker, Stephanie Fredrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A multiple baseline design across four teachers was used to investigate the effects of an online Direct Behavior Rating (DBR) training module on rater accuracy of academic engagement, respect, and disruptive behavior. Rater accuracy was examined by comparing Direct Behavior Rating-Single Item Scales (DBR-SIS) completed by classroom teachers to systematic direct observation. Teacher acceptability of DBR-SIS was also investigated. Teachers rated the use of DBR-SIS as a formative evaluation tool favorably. Rater accuracy of DBR-SIS was generally higher after teachers completed the online training module. However, a visual analysis of the data revealed no clear impact of the online training.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224-234
Number of pages11
JournalSchool psychology (Washington, D.C.)
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2021


  • direct behavior rating
  • elementary students
  • online training
  • single case design
  • systematic direct observation


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