The Effects of Note-Taking and Review on Sensemaking and Ethical Decision Making

James F. Johnson, Zhanna Bagdasarov, Lauren N. Harkrider, Alexandra E. MacDougall, Shane Connelly, Lynn D. Devenport, Michael D. Mumford

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


The effectiveness of case-based learning in ethics education varies widely regarding how cases are presented. Case process instruction may impact case-based ethics education to promote sensemaking processes, ethical sensemaking strategy use, and ethical decision making (EDM) quality. This study examined two teaching techniques, notes and review, and participants completed note-taking and review activities examining a case-based scenario during an ethics education course. Results suggest that providing case notes in outline form improves sensemaking processes, strategy use, and EDM quality. In addition, combining processes of provided notes and passive review results in incremental, additive performance via certain ethical sensemaking strategies and EDM quality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-323
Number of pages25
JournalEthics and Behavior
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2013


  • case-based learning
  • ethical decision-making
  • notes
  • review
  • sensemaking


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