The influence of hydration on anaerobic performance: A review

Justin A. Kraft, James M. Green, Phillip A. Bishop, Mark T. Richardson, Yasmin H. Neggers, James D. Leeper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


This review examines the influence of dehydration on muscular strength and endurance and on single and repeated anaerobic sprint bouts. Describing hydration effects on anaerobic performance is difficult because various exercise modes are dominated by anaerobic energy pathways, but still contain inherent physiological differences. The critical level of water deficit (∼ 3–4%; mode dependent) affecting anaerobic performance is larger than the deficit (∼ 2%) impairing endurance performance. A critical performance-duration component (> 30 s) may also exist. Moderate dehydration (> 3% body weight; precise threshold depends on work/recovery ratio) impairs repeated anaerobic bouts, which place an increased demand on aerobic metabolism. Interactions between dehydration level, dehydration mode, testing mode, performance duration, and work/recovery ratio during repeated bouts make the dehydration thresh-old influencing anaerobic performance mode dependent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)282-292
Number of pages11
JournalResearch Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Dehydration
  • Fluid balance
  • Hypohydration


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