The LRP1-independent mechanism of PAI-1-inudced migration in CpG-ODN activated macrophages

Bikash Thapa, Yeon Hyang Kim, Hyung Joo Kwon, Doo Sik Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


CpG-oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG-ODNs) induces plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) expression in macrophages, leading to enhanced migration through vitronectin. However, the precise role of low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) in PAI-1 induced migration of macrophages in the inflammatory environment is not known. In this study, we elucidated a novel mechanism describing the altered role of LRP1 in macrophage migration depending on the activation state of the cells. Experimental evidence clearly shows that the blocking of LRP1 function inhibited the PAI-induced migration of resting RAW 264.7 cells through vitronectin but exerted a pro-migratory effect on CpG-ODN-activated cells. We also demonstrate that CpG-ODN downregulates the protein and mRNA levels of LRP1 both in vivo and in vitro, a function that depends on the NF-κB signaling pathway, resulting in reduced internalization of PAI-1. This work illustrates the distinct mechanism that PAI-1-induced migration of CpG-ODN-activated cells through vitronectin depends on the interaction of PAI-1 with vitronectin but not LRP1 unlike in the resting cells, where the migration is LRP1 dependent and vitronectin independent. In conclusion, our experimental results demonstrate the altered function of LRP1 in the migration of resting and activated macrophages in the context of microenvironmental extracellular matrix components.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-25
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • CpG-ODN
  • LRP1
  • Macrophages
  • Migration
  • PAI-1


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