In this paper I focus on the Shadhili roots of the Maryamiyya Tariqa, specifically its Shadhiliyya-Darqawiyya connection. I compare the directions taken by Frithjof Schuon (Shaykh 'Isa Nur al-Din) who introduced meditations, texts, and icons reflecting his interests in "Traditionalism," Marian devotion, and Amerindian "primordialism." Schuon legitimated his teaching authority especially through four figures: Shaykh Ahmad 'Alawi, Rene Guenon, al-Khidr, and the Virgin Mary. These competing interests and claims to authority contributed to dividing the Maryamiyya. After Schuon's death Seyyed Hossein Nasr turned back to the Shadhili roots, calling his Tariqa al-Maryamiyya al-Shadhiliyya. I examine the results of this return. I also describe the significant influence of the Tariqa on the academic study of Sufism in the USA and in Europe, including examples of Thomas Merton and Huston Smith.
|State||Published - Feb 12 2009|
|Event||North African Sufism in Context: A Symposium on Sufi Movements from North Africa and their Influence in a Global Context - Los Angeles|
Duration: Feb 12 2009 → Feb 12 2009
|Other||North African Sufism in Context: A Symposium on Sufi Movements from North Africa and their Influence in a Global Context|
|Period||02/12/09 → 02/12/09|