The paradox: Ischemic cerebrovascular accidents and obesity – A retrospective Nationwide inpatient study

Hafeez Shaka, Zain El-Amir, Farah Wani, Dushyant Singh Dahiya, Genaro Romero Velazquez, Asim Kichloo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs) are a leading cause of neurological disability and mortality in older adults, with ischemic cerebrovascular accidents (ICVAs) accounting for around 80% of all CVAs. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of ICVAs in patients with obesity. Methods: This is a population-based retrospective observational study using data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. Hospitalizations involving ICVAs were studied with and without obesity. The primary outcome was inpatient hospital mortality. Results: The in-hospital mortality for hospitalizations with ICVAs was 4.1%. Patients with obesity had lower adjusted odds of in-hospital mortality (aOR: 0.85, 95% CI 0.79–0.93, p < 0.001) compared to Patients without obesity after multivariate logistic regression analysis. Obese patients had an increase mean LOS (0.2, 95% CI: 0.1–0.3 days, p < 0.001) and THC (3200, 95% CI: 2000–4400 US$, p < 0.001) compared Patients without obesity. Conclusions: Patients who are admitted with ICVAs and obesity had lower in-hospital mortality compared to Patients without obesity. This adds to the body of knowledge for the obesity paradox among inpatient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100339
JournalObesity Medicine
Volume23
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • Cerebrovascular accidents
  • Ischemic stroke
  • Mortality
  • Obesity
  • Outcome

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