The Search for Equality through the Rule of Law

Elizabeth A. Campbell, Tanya M. Marcum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Tensions exist today in global society regarding wealth disparity, economic disadvantages, cultural divides, racial injustices, religious challenges; these tensions have escalated to a point of rage and violence. It becomes increasingly necessary to encourage dialogue so as to diffuse the anxiety and anger, to restore a reasoned analysis of situations, and to reach a sincere approach of mutual understanding in resolving conflicts. Mankind’s inclination for preferential treatment has permeated history. Preferential treatment described by the phrase “affirmative action,” has held a place in legal systems for well over a thousand years; the phrase borrowed to describe myriad attempts aimed at reversing persistent “king of the mountain” human tendencies. However, reliance on preferences and use of the phrase “affirmative action” have been applied in varying ways, causing confusion and outright hostility. Within the past 150 years, the antagonistic situation has been fueled by executive actions, legislative actions, judicial actions, and voluntary actions all of which have received widespread attention. The result has been a call by the citizen electorate to ban all forms of government sponsored or permitted preferential treatment programs. This article will examine the evolution of responses to the call for equality and diversity amplified by demands either to increase or to eradicate preferential treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)pages 1-28
JournalUniversity Of Detroit/Mercy Law Review
VolumeVol. 93
Issue numberIssue 1, W 2016 Ed.
StatePublished - Jan 2016


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