The spectrum and management of noniatrogenic vascular trauma in the pediatric population

Ahmed Kayssi, Maged Metias, Jacob C. Langer, Graham Roche-Nagle, Augusto Zani, Thomas L. Forbes, Paul Wales, Sebastian K. King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: To describe the spectrum of noniatrogenic pediatric vascular injuries and their outcomes at a large tertiary pediatric hospital. Methods: Retrospective review of a prospectively-maintained trauma database, identifying children with noniatrogenic vascular injuries managed between 1994 and 2014. Results: A total of 198 patients were identified. Those patients with a digital or intracerebral vascular injury (92/198) were excluded from further analysis. The remaining 106 patients represented 1.2% of all traumas managed at our institution during the 21-year study period. The majority were male (75%), and between 1 and 12 years of age (71% of all patients). Median time from trauma scene to any hospital was 48 min (range 0–132), and most patients were transferred from another hospital (64%). Three patients were declared dead upon arrival (3%). Penetrating injuries accounted for most injuries (72%), while blunt injuries accounted for the remainder. Ulnar, radial, or brachial artery trauma accounted for 47% of injuries. Most vessels were treated operatively, by primary repair (49%), vessel ligation (15%), or interposition graft (12%). Fourteen patients (13%) were managed nonoperatively and most patients (74%) experienced no complications in hospital or during follow-up. Conclusion: Noniatrogenic pediatric vascular injuries are rare and represent a highly heterogeneous population. Most children recover well, with minimal perioperative complications. Level of evidence: IV (case series with no comparison group).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)771-774
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Pediatric surgery
  • Vascular surgery
  • Vascular trauma

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