The White/Black hierarchy institutionalizes White supremacy in nursing and nursing leadership in the United States

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18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Black/African American nurses (BAANs) in the United States (US) experience barriers to career advancement. Aim: The specific aims of this study were to a) explore how the perception of racism or racial bias affects the motivation of Black/African American nurses (BAANs) in the United States (US) to seek and apply for nursing leadership and faculty positions, and b) to characterize the racism-related barriers that BAANs perceive that prevent them from moving forward with their careers in academia and nursing leadership. Method: As part of a qualitative focused ethnographic study, 30 nurses who self-identified as BAAN, had a bachelor's degree or higher, and had at least five years of nursing experience were interviewed. Qualitative data underwent thematic analysis. Result: Although five themes were identified, four were established in the literature, and one – Nursing Leadership Dynamics (NLD) – was novel. A complex network of NLDs that served to both prevent the success of BAANs as well as threaten their job security and health was identified. Conclusion: This study identified a multi-faceted, tightly-woven system of NLDs that serves to continually institutionalize and enforce a white/black hierarchy and white supremacy in nursing at all levels in the US, including education.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-421
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Professional Nursing
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021

Keywords

  • Economics, nursing
  • Education, nursing
  • History of nursing
  • Leadership
  • Nursing
  • Racism
  • United States

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