Thermal pattern variations analyzed using 2D/3D mapping techniques among females

Tanya Domina, Patrick Kinnicutt, Maureen MacGillivray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Background: Today it is technologically possible for textile/apparel companies to map different fiber, yarn, fabric, finish and design variations to specific body areas, facilitating heat and moisture management. 2D/3D thermal mapping places a flat 2D thermal image onto a 3D body scan, creating a thermal map or thermal profile of the individual. 2D/3D mapping offers the apparel industry the opportunity to design garments that are customized by function as well as by fit - a key to global competitiveness in the 21st century. Furthermore, thermal profiling has consumer implications as well, and may provide new opportunities for consumers to participate in the design process, creating a garment suited to the individual's thermal profile or map. Purpose: The objective of this study is to explore the development of a process by which 2D thermal images can be mapped onto 3D body scans and then thermal variability compared. Methodology: The subjects were mined from a database based on selection criteria of female, age 20-59 years, with a BMI that was either normal or obese. The subjects' thermal images were then mapped onto their 3D body scan and their thermal variability compared. Findings: The findings suggest that a woman's thermal pattern or profile is a function of BMI and is not age dependent. Women with a normal BMI have different thermal distributions than women classified as obese.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Textile and Apparel, Technology and Management
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2011


  • 2D/3D mapping
  • Body scanning
  • Thermal imaging
  • Thermal patterning


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