Threats to the Validity of Logistics and Supply Chain Management Research

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19 Scopus citations


To increase the relevance of logistics and supply chain academic research, this paper recommends the development and testing of middle-range theory and practice-level theory. Yet, there are a number of research issues that arise when academic researchers test middle-range and practice-level theory, both in measuring constructs and in testing theoretical relationships between constructs. Concerning the measurement of constructs, this paper recommends that academic researchers pay more attention to content validity and undertake rigorous processes to ensure content validity. In addition, academic researchers need to more explicitly define constructs as either reflective or formative. If the construct is defined as formative, then the traditional statistical approaches to validate these measurement scales are not recommended. The appropriate use of employing single-item measures for concrete constructs is discussed. In regard to conducting hypothesis tests, research issues associated with multicollinearity and omitted variable bias are discussed. Relative weight analysis is ideal for testing theoretical models and research hypotheses when survey data are obtained, multicollinearity is present, and there are a large number of independent variables predicting a dependent variable. Thus, relative weight analysis is ideal for testing research hypotheses in logistics and supply chain management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-43
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Business Logistics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2019


  • C-OAR-SE
  • construct validity
  • content validity
  • formative
  • hypothesis testing
  • middle-range theory
  • multicollinearity
  • omitted variable bias
  • practice-level theory
  • reflective
  • relative weight analysis
  • relevance
  • research methods
  • single-item measures


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