Transferable principles from a formative evaluation of a couples' empathy program

Edgar C.J. Long, Jeffrey J. Angera, Mikiyasu Hakoyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Sixteen individuals took part in a 12-hour empathy training program for married couples. The purpose of the current paper was to demonstrate the unique and beneficial information that comes from formative assessments, and provide an expanded and updated description of an empathy program. The information derived from formative evaluation was useful in making changes in session presentations, and demonstrating whether or not the objectives of each session were met. To date, the marital enrichment literature lacks examples of formative evaluations of relationship education programs. This study has implications for relationship educators and expands the current thinking that only outcome assessments need to be done in relationship education programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88-112
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Couple and Relationship Therapy
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 27 2008


  • Empathy
  • Formative evaluation
  • Marriage education
  • Program evaluation
  • Relationship education


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