Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate patients undergoing elective repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) and the longitudinal trends in surgical management (open repair vs endovascular aneurysm repair [EVAR]), factors associated with the choice of surgical technique, and differences in the rate of in-hospital mortality at a single large-volume Canadian center. Methods: This retrospective cohort study used data from a prospectively collected vascular surgery database and reviewed all patients undergoing elective repair of an infrarenal AAA over a recent 10-year period (June 2000-May 2010). Information was reviewed regarding surgical techniques, patient demographics, and short-term outcomes. Subsequent analysis included univariate statistics and multivariable logistic regression with data presented as odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results: A total of 1942 patients underwent elective AAA repair over this 10-year study period, 1067 (54.9%) via open repair and 875 (45.1%) via EVAR. The proportion of patients undergoing EVAR was significantly higher in the latter half of the study period compared to the first half (55.8% vs 33.9%; P <.01). Older patients (75 vs 71; P <.01) and those with higher American Society of Anesthesiologists classifications (P <.01) were more likely to receive endovascular repair than open repair. The overall in-hospital mortality rate in the entire cohort was low (2.3% for EVAR and 3.9% for open repair), and after multivariable logistic regression and adjustment for preoperative factors, in-hospital mortality was significantly higher in patients with open AAA repair (OR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.04-3.13; P =.04). Conclusions: This 10-year analysis shows a significant shift toward an endovascular approach in the repair of infrarenal AAAs at our Canadian center. Similar to other jurisdictions, higher risk and older patients are more likely to be treated with an endovascular repair resulting in a survival advantage in these patients compared to standard open repair.