Large-scale multi-hospital data on cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) device implantation in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are currently lacking. The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence of CRT device implantation in patients hospitalized with CKD and the impact of CRT device implantation on hospital complications and outcomes. We analyzed the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2008-2014 to identify yearly trends in CRT device implantation during CKD hospitalizations. We compared CRT biventricular pacemakers (CRT-Ps) and CRT defibrillators (CRT-Ds). We also obtained rates of comorbidities and complications associated with CRT device implantations. From 2008-2014, the proportion of hospitalized patients with a concurrent diagnosis of CKD receiving CRT-P devices consistently went up from 2008 to 2014 (from 12.3% to 23.8%, P < .0001) compared to the number of hospitalized patients with a concurrent diagnosis of CKD receiving CRT-D devices, which showed a consistent downward trend (from 87.7% to 76.2%, P < .0001). During CKD hospitalizations, most CRT device implantations were performed in patients aged 65-84 years (68.6%) and in men (74.3%). The most common complication of CRT device implantation during hospitalizations involving CKD was hemorrhage or hematoma (2.7%). Patients hospitalized with CKD who developed any complication associated with CRT device implantation had 3.35-fold increased odds of mortality compared to those without complications (odds ratio, 3.35; 95% confidence interval, 2.18-5.16; P < .0001). In summary, this study shows that CRT-P implantations became more common in CKD patients, while the rate of CRT-D implantations decreased over time. Hemorrhage or hematoma was the most common complication (2.7%), and the mortality risk was increased by 3.35 times in patients who developed periprocedural complications.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Innovations in Cardiac Rhythm Management|
|State||Published - Feb 2023|
- Cardiac resynchronization therapy
- chronic kidney disease