Tuning the electronic and magnetic properties of lizardite clay by chemical substitution

Marta S.S. Gusmão, Angsula Ghosh, Ilaria Siloi, Marco Fornari, Marco Buongiorno Nardelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


First-principles calculations are performed to study the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of lizardite clay, Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4, by two types of chemical substitutions. The Mg2+ atom and the (OH) group are substituted by alkali/transition/post-transition metal/metalloid/nonmetal atoms and halogens, respectively. A detailed analysis was performed based on the structural, parameter, energy band and density of states calculations. Our results and a comparative study of the systems exhibit the versatility of the physical characteristics of lizardite upon chemical modifications. The above modifications, e.g. the band-gap and the magnetic characteristic, are essential for tuning the physical characteristics of the mineral clay which could modify drastically the transport properties. In particular, we propose that the Ni-substituted lizardite is a promising candidate for a spin filter in spintronic applications.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecular Systems Design and Engineering
StatePublished - Jun 7 2022


Dive into the research topics of 'Tuning the electronic and magnetic properties of lizardite clay by chemical substitution'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this