Virtual reality (VR) as a simulation modality for technical skills acquisition

Aussama K. Nassar, Farris Al-Manaseer, Lisa M. Knowlton, Faiz Tuma

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Efforts continue to facilitate surgical skills training and provide accessible and safe training opportunities. Educational technology has played an essential role in minimizing the challenges facing traditional surgical training and providing feasible training opportunities. Simulation and virtual reality (VR) offer an important innovative training approach to enhance and supplement both technical and non-technical skills acquisition and overcome the many training challenges facing surgical training programs. To maximize the effectiveness of simulation modalities, an in-depth understanding of the cognitive learning theory is necessary. Knowing the stages and mental processes of skills acquisition when integrated with simulation applications can help trainees achieve maximal learning outcomes. This article aims to review important literature related to VR effectiveness and discuss the leading theories of technical skills acquisition related to VR simulation technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102945
JournalAnnals of Medicine and Surgery
StatePublished - Nov 2021


  • Educational technology
  • Simulation
  • Surgical education
  • Surgical skills
  • Virtual reality


Dive into the research topics of 'Virtual reality (VR) as a simulation modality for technical skills acquisition'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this