Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a bioactive phospholipid with a diverse range of biological activities including the modulation of adipogenesis. Treatment of 3T3-L1 cells and 3T3F44A cells with LPA inhibits adipogenesis and reduces expression of PPARγ through activation of RhoGTPase and its downstream Rho associated kinase (ROCK). The mechanism of suppression of PPARγ expression by Rho/ROCK is poorly understood. By treating the differentiating 3T3-L1 cells with various combinations of LPA and ROCK inhibitors, Y-27632 and fasudil, we observed that LPA treatment resulted in attenuation of adipogenesis and a significant reduction in PPARγ mRNA as early as 3 d post-induction. LPA treatment also resulted in significant but delayed upregulation of components of the canonical Wnt signaling, namely Wnt10b mRNA, β-catenin protein, and mRNA expression of β-catenin target genes, detectable at day 7, but not day 3. Treatment of the 3T3-L1 cells with ROCK inhibitors Y-27632 and fasudil revealed a tonic activation of β-catenin/target genes by ROCK. This study identified the existence of a novel cross talk between the Rho/ROCK pathway and the Wnt-signaling pathway. The LPA/Rho/ROCK pathway inhibits expression of PPARγ and adipogenesis in part through a delayed activation of the canonical Wnt-signaling pathway based on increased Wnt10b expression and β-catenin induction.
|Journal||Biochem Cell Biol|
|State||Published - Dec 2011|